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WS 2020/2021

Seminars

All seminars are taking place online - please ask for the according link




Stefanie Grüne, Tue 5.45 - 7.15 p.m., online seminar

Hume, an enquiry concerning human understanding

Laut dem Empiristen David Hume müssen wir bei jedem Versuch, die Welt um uns herum zu erkennen, von dem ausgehen, was uns unsere Sinne darüber mitteilen. Zugleich erheben wir aber anscheinend häufig Erkenntnisansprüche, die über das unmittelbare Zeugnis der Sinne hinausgehen. Zum Beispiel behaupten wir, daß ein Ereignis ein anderes verursacht, obwohl wir nur sehen können, daß es typischerweise auf das andere folgt. Ob wir solche Erkenntnisansprüche besser aufgeben sollten oder ob sie sich auch im Rahmen eines empiristischen Grundansatzes verteidigen lassen – das ist eines von verschiedenen Themen, um die es in der "Untersuchung über den menschlichen Verstand" geht. In dem Seminar soll Humes Text gründlich gelesen werden. Dabei wird es uns vor allem darum gehen, die Grundbegriffe seiner Philosophie möglichst genau zu verstehen und die Argumente für seine Thesen Schritt für Schritt nachzuvollziehen.

Paul Silva, Tue 12 - 13.30 a.m., online seminar

Metaphysics and Epistemology

In the first part of this course our main interest will be in philosophical questions about the nature of time, the identity of persons across time, and the conditions for free will. In the second part of this course our main interest will be in questions about the nature of human knowledge: what is knowledge, what are our sources of knowledge, and how–if at all–we can show that we have knowledge and deal with the problem of skepticism. Throughout the course there will be various introductory lectures on inductive and deductive logic.

Luis Rosa , Wed 4.00 - 5.30 p.m., online seminar

Philosophy of language and its impact on other areas

In this seminar, we are going to read a number of papers from the philosophy of language and use tools from this area to address philosophical questions in epistemology, philosophy of mind and metaphysics. Examples of topics to be discussed include: mental content, doxastic-attitude ascriptions, normativity of belief and different senses of possibility.

Luis Rosa, Thu 2.00 - 3.30 p.m., online seminar

Paradoxes and what we learn from then

A paradox emerges when a contradiction or an otherwise false claim follows from things that we accept. So paradoxes teach us that some of our basic assumptions must themselves be false. They bent our minds because often we do not know which premises must go. In this course, we are going to study several paradoxes in the theory of truth, epistemology and ethics to see what kinds of conclusions we should draw from them.

Paul Silva, Thu 12.00 - 1.30 p.m., online seminar

Moral Epistemology

Can we know what's morally right and what's morally wrong given that evolutionary and/or social pressures have shaped our moral attitudes? Had you, for example, grown up in another time or place you'd probably have different moral beliefs. And even on those moral principles that are widely shared across cultures, it seems that if humans had evolved under different evolutionary pressures they would have different moral beliefs. One challenge these thoughts raise concerns the metaphysics of morals (what are the *correct* moral principles?) Another challenge they raise concerns the epistemology of morality (given how easily we could have had different moral beliefs, why should we believe that we ended up with the correct moral beliefs?). We will explore these and related issues in the course.