All seminars are taking place online - please ask for the according link
Introduction to Formal Epistemology
In this course I will introduce the main topics and methods of the research field known as ‘formal epistemology’. We will see how modal logic can be used as a means of encoding epistemic principles of knowledge and belief, and apply it to the treatment of paradoxes such as the Knowability Paradox and Moore's Paradox. We will also go through the literature on Bayesianism, thus bringing the probability calculus to bear on epistemological issues, such as the problem of apparently rational but inconsistent beliefs and the relationship between categorical beliefs and degrees-of-belief.
Traditional epistemology has focused on issues such as the nature, sources, and transmission of knowledge/rationality, classical arguments for skepticism, the possibility of synthetic a priori knowledge, and many related issues. Non-traditional epistemology, as I’m calling it, also asks questions about such issues. But it does so with respect to the way we are currently situated and the pressures we now face as would-be knowers. Accordingly, this class will focus on issues such as feminist epistemology, internet epistemology (e.g. the epistemic impact of Google, Twitter, and echo chambers), and political epistemology. The course will be non-exhaustive, but it will provide you with a great foundation for further research.
Syllabus Link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1FlEB74j9rh42VDQFcYVh6QpglIJc-7QB/view?usp=sharing
Theoretische Philosophie I: Erkenntnis und Sprache
Metaphysics and Epistemology
In the first part of this course our main interest will be in philosophical questions about the nature of time, the identity of persons across time, and the conditions for free will. In the second part of this course our main interest will be in questions about the nature of human knowledge: what is knowledge, what are our sources of knowledge, and how–if at all–we can show that we have knowledge and deal with the problem of skepticism. Throughout the course there will be various introductory lectures on inductive and deductive logic.
Wittgenstein's Tractatus and the Philosophical
A paradox emerges when a contradiction or an otherwise false claim follows from things that we accept. So paradoxes teach us that some of our basic assumptions must themselves be false. They bent our minds because often we do not know which premises must go. In this course, we are going to study several paradoxes in the theory of truth, epistemology and ethics to see what kinds of conclusions we should draw from them.