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Luis Rosa, Mo 2 - 3.30 p.m., room 4.016

Introduction to formal epistemology

In this course I will introduce the main topics of/methods used in formal epistemology. We will study the use of formal logic as a means of encoding epistemic principles of knowledge and belief, and apply it to the treatment of paradoxes such as the Knowability Paradox and Moore's Paradox. We will also go through the literature on Bayesianism and the relationship between categorical beliefs and degrees-of-belief, thus bringing the probability calculus to bear on epistemological issues.

Luis Rosa, Thu 2 - 3.30 p.m., room 4.202

Epistemology of modality: modal knowledge, imagination and reason

We can not only have knowledge of how things are in the world—but also of how they could or must be. But how is it possible for us to know what is possible and what is necessary? Surely not by means of perceptual experience, as it was emphasized by Immanuel Kant. That is the question we will address in this course. We will look into the literature on imagination as a guide to possibility, modal knowledge through suppositional reasoning  and problems with the notion of rational insight or intuition as a means of knowing necessary truths.